50% of women who try to grow long hair face the problem of split ends. This is the first sign that hair health has deteriorated. Damaged hair requires careful care and careful treatment. Help them become beautiful and well-groomed.
To understand what split ends are, you need to know the hair structure. Hair consists of many keratin scales (cuticles), which overlap and stick to the main bar (cortex) to protect it. The strong structure of the scales is protected by the grease produced by the scalp. It retains moisture and helps maintain elasticity.
Under the influence of various factors, the protective layer is thinned, the scales are lifted up and open access to the cortex. After that, it is damaged and starts to split into 2-3 parts. In trichology, the disease is called trichoptilosis.
Hair may be sliced at the ends and along the entire length. Let’s see what splitting hair looks like:
- The hair structure is getting lighter. They do not hold the pigment, so the hair is not dyed well.
- Hair loses its natural silky appearance over time and looks more like a “broom”.
- Scratching and styling become a problem because the hair gets tangled and clings to the comb. After brushing, a large amount of hair remains on the brush.
The main causes of split ends can be divided into internal and external.
- Vitamin and trace element deficiency. This problem is caused by improper nutrition. Hair suffers from a lack of B vitamins as well as A, C, E, D, H, F, PP and minerals such as calcium, magnesium, zinc and silicon.
- Insufficient use of water. Hair condition is affected by the amount of water drunk per day. Adults should drink at least 2 litres a day.
- Bad habits. The list of bad habits includes the use of spicy and fatty foods, excessive absorption of sweets, alcoholic beverages, coffee, and smoking. Which reduce concentration and destroy useful vitamins and trace elements.
- The disease of internal organs. These include diseases of the liver, kidneys, and digestive system. It is useless to fight split ends if you have poor or incorrect absorption of minerals and vitamins.
- Hereditary genotype. Genetically, a person takes over not only the colour of their hair but also the density, grey or baldness of their parents. It is impossible to change the situation, but you can improve it with the right care and nutrition.
- Pregnancy. During pregnancy, the body’s vitamins and minerals are dramatically reduced, which leads to the exhaustion of hair.
- Diseases of hair and scalp. Diseases of the scalp (seborrhea, psoriasis) and hair (trichoptilosis) lead to the destruction of the hair structure, brittleness and reduction of its thickness.
- Incorrect care. Hair becomes dry and brittle because of how it is washed, dried and combed. Incorrectly selected shampoo poorly washed away chemical masks, balms and conditioners destroy the hair structure. The habit of rubbing hair with a towel leads to brittleness and section. When combing wet hair they are severely damaged.
- Willingness to wear hats. Hair will split due to sudden changes in temperature. The summer sun can dry out and dehydrate curls. Cold winter air impairs the blood supply to the bulbs, which affects the structure and nourishment of the hair.
- Hairdryer and flattening, etc. Frequent drying of hair with a hairdryer and straightening with an iron dries it out. Fixing agents make hair heavier and more brittle. Tightly tied rubber bands and various decorations destroy and break the hair.
- Long hair. Sebaceous glands produce a natural protective substance that is lacking in long hair.
- Dyeing, curls and discolouration. Various cosmetic procedures lead to the exhaustion of hair and the destruction of its structure.
- Lack of moisture. Hair is dehydrated in rooms with dried out air.